Sunday, November 30, 2014

Poetry Translation: Dante, Inferno, Song XXXIII

My translation of Song XXXIII of Dante's Inferno is now up at Dante's Divine Comedy. Click here to read.

Oscar Nomination Predictions for the Films of 2014

The awards season for 2014 films kicks off tomorrow with the New York Film Critics Circle Awards, so I thought I'd get ahead of the pack and post my reading of the buzz about this year's films. Below are my predictions of what will be nominated for the Academy Awards on January 15th.

Since the number of films that can be nominated for Best Picture isn't set--there can be between five and ten nominees in the category--I'm ranking my Best Picture predictions from one to ten in terms of likelihood to be nominated.


  • 1. The Imitation Game

  • 2. The Theory of Everything

  • 3. Unbroken

  • 4. Birdman

  • 5. Boyhood

  • 6. Gone Girl

  • 7. Foxcatcher

  • 8. Selma

  • 9. Whiplash

  • 10. Interstellar


  • Birdman, Alejandro González Iñárittu

  • Boyhood, Richard Linklater

  • Foxcatcher, Bennett Miller

  • Gone Girl, David Fincher

  • The Imitation Game, Morten Tyldum


  • Birdman

  • Boyhood

  • Foxcatcher

  • Selma

  • Whiplash


  • The Fault in Our Stars

  • Gone Girl

  • The Imitation Game

  • The Theory of Everything

  • Unbroken


  • Steve Carell, Foxcatcher

  • Benedict Cumberbatch, The Imitation Game

  • Michael Keaton, Birdman

  • David Oyelowo, Selma

  • Eddie Redmayne, The Theory of Everything


  • Felicity Jones, The Theory of Everything

  • Julianne Moore, Still Alice

  • Rosamund Pike, Gone Girl

  • Reese Witherspoon, Wild

  • Shailene Woodley, The Fault in Our Stars


  • Robert Duvall, The Judge

  • Ethan Hawke, Boyhood

  • Edward Norton, Birdman

  • Mark Ruffalo, Foxcatcher

  • J. K. Simmons, Whiplash


  • Patricia Arquette, Boyhood

  • Laura Dern, Wild

  • Keira Knightley, The Imitation Game

  • Emma Stone, Birdman

  • Meryl Streep, Into the Woods

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Movie Review: Detour

The 1945 film Detour, directed by Edgar G. Ulmer, isn't quite the shoe-string effort movie lore has made it out to be. The shooting schedule was four weeks, not six days. The budget was approximately five times the widely reported $20,000. The film isn't conspicuously underproduced, either; apart from the unconvincing treatment of the New York City streets in an early scene, it actually looks better than most television programs from the black-and-white era. What movie lore gets right is that it is one of the best of the 1940s B-pictures--the low-budget second films in a theatrical double-bill. Tom Neal plays a New York nightclub pianist who's making his way across the country to rejoin his singer fiancée (Claudia Drake) in Los Angeles. A man he hitches a ride with in Arizona dies in a roadside accident. Afraid he'll be arrested for murder, he disposes of the man's body and assumes the fellow's identity for the rest of the drive to California. Along the way, he picks up a female hitchhiker (Ann Savage) who knew the dead man and proceeds to blackmail him. Both characters are completely unsympathetic--he's surly and self-pitying, and she's an opportunistic shrew--but Ulmer and the actors get a compelling tension going between the pair. They make no secret of their mutual dislike (although she makes it known she's sexually available), and the suspense comes from seeing how the woman's conniving and bullying play out. Ann Savage's performance is especially striking. She projects a ferocious, almost predatory air that makes the character possibly the most frightening femme fatale ever. Ulmer's staging and camerawork is sleek and economical, and despite the thin plotting, he keeps this noir melodrama crisply paced. Admirably, he avoids playing the moments of death and violence for thrills. He also shows a surprising talent for musical scenes; the two featuring Claudia Drake are probably the best directed in the film. The screenplay is by Martin Goldsmith, from his 1939 novel.

Wednesday, May 28, 2014

Publication Announcement: All Quacked Up: Steve Gerber, Marvel Comics, and Howard the Duck

The Hooded Utilitarian has published my exhaustively researched and detailed account of Howard the Duck co-creator Steve Gerber's business and legal dealings with Marvel Comics over the decades. Particular attention is paid to the circumstances of Gerber's 1978 termination by the publisher and the specifics of his 1980 lawsuit for ownership of the Howard character. Much of the account comes directly from primary source documents, including the two parties' contracts, business correspondence, and court filings. Click here for the article. An appendix post featuring the source documents can be found here.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Movie Review: Nebraska

Nebraska, director Alexander Payne’s sixth feature, is an absorbing if uneasy mix of family pathos, misanthropic humor, and mannered, faux-poetic cinematic style. Bruce Dern stars as a senile, alcoholic retiree who lives in Montana with his beleaguered wife (June Squibb). He’s convinced he’s won a magazine clearinghouse sweepstakes, and he refuses to listen to anyone who tells him otherwise. Come hell or high water, he’s determined to make the trip to the clearinghouse’s offices in Nebraska to collect the million-dollar prize. After his efforts to walk the 800-mile distance have been thwarted a few times, the younger of his two sons (Saturday Night Live alumnus Will Forte) decides to put the matter to rest and drive him. The two get waylaid in their old Nebraska hometown, where they’re joined by the wife and the older son (Bob Odenkirk) for an impromptu reunion with family and old friends. At its center, the film is a parable about catering to a loved one’s illusions, and how it can be the most generous thing a person can do. However, Payne and screenwriter Bob Nelson surround the sentimental family drama with cruel, sneering humor that caricatures the hometown friends and relatives as a bunch of venal hicks. More discord comes from the pretentiousness of the black-and-white cinematography, deliberately slow pace, and desolate landscape visuals. The directorial style indicates a filmmaker far more concerned with being applauded for artistry than serving his material. But for all of Payne’s missteps, he makes the pathos of the father-son relationship work, and a couple of comedy scenes--the wife’s cemetery visit, and the sons’ botched effort to reclaim their father’s old air compressor--are brought off well. Payne also gets good work from the cast. June Squibb’s hilarious performance as the irascible, sharp-tongued wife is particularly impressive. Phedon Papamichael is the film’s director of photography, and Mark Orton provided the musical score.

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

TV Review: The Blacklist: "The Alchemist"

"The Alchemist," directed by Vince Misiano from a teleplay by Anthony Sparks, shows The Blacklist in its idle mode, and that's not an entertaining one. This episode, the series' twelfth, incrementally advances Reddington (James Spader)'s story while having Keen (Megan Boone) track down the villain of the week. The bad guy this time out is a former genetics researcher (Ryan O'Nan) who enables his über-criminal clientéle to fake their deaths and begin new identities. He knows the authorities need corpses to close their books, so, in order to deceive the forensic investigators, he uses his expertise to fake DNA traces and other markers on murdered stand-ins. The plotting Sparks gives the pursuit lacks twists and suspense. Reddington, on the other hand, is still trying to get to the bottom of the treachery that led to the mayhem of the "Anslo Garrick" two-parter. He found the mole in his operation in the previous episode, and now he's after the one in the FBI's. Just as in that last episode, producer Jon Bokenkamp has again decided not to treat the turncoat's identity as a mystery with which to tease the viewer. We know that Reddington's looking, we see him with his private cadre of hacker-investigators, and then we find out who the mole is. It's not very engaging, and apart from a amusing bit about real-life Wikileaks mastermind Julian Assange, Spader's lines lack their usual zing. The episode is further brought down by the time spent on Keen and fellow agent Ressler (Diego Klattenhoff)'s respective private soap operas. Ressler finds out his ex-fiancée has ditched her current one because of renewed interest in him, and Keen's marital issues go to a new level when her husband takes an interest in a woman who introduced herself to him at a party. The latter is part of a greater conspiracy, and the first probably is, too, but the supporting characters just aren't compelling enough to make this material of interest. The show is at its best when Spader's Reddington is center stage, and episodes like this one are just marking time until it gets back to that.

View the episode here

Reviews of other episodes of The Blacklist:

Tuesday, January 14, 2014

TV Review: The Blacklist: "The Good Samaritan Killer"

This installment (Season 1, Episode 11), with a teleplay by Brandon Margolis and Brandon Sonnier, is two stories in one.

The first (and far more interesting) involves Reddington (James Spader) tracking down those responsible for his abduction and torture in the previous episode. His ultimate goal is to determine who betrayed him and made the abduction possible. Playing vicious ruthlessness has always come easy to Spader, and his talent for it hasn’t dimmed. Reddington is nothing less than frightening when confronting the various parties in the abduction plot. Margolis, Sonnier, producer Jon Bokenkamp, and director Dan Lerner don’t shy away from the frequently brutal violence he employs, and Spader’s unholy calm in these moments gives it a particular jolt. The mystery of who betrayed Reddington could probably have been handled better. Margolis and Sonnier don’t tease the audience with the person’s identity, or create any suspense working towards the revelation. There’s a lot of tension in the individual scenes, but they don’t really build to a greater whole. But those individual scenes are often ingeniously nasty, and it’s hard to imagine anyone pulling them off better than Spader.

The second story, which gives the episode its title, involves a serial killer (Frank Whaley) that Elizabeth Keen (Megan Boone) is profiling and tracking for the F. B. I. It’s pretty formula stuff. The weaknesses, both large and small, of Boone’s Keen are present. She is as affectless as a Clint Eastwood character when it comes to violence--she shoots antagonists without blinking an eye or suffering misgivings afterward--but the show never uses it to make a larger point about the character. At least with Reddington, it’s clear he’s supposed to be monstrous. And while it’s a minor matter, one wishes Boone would lose that godawful wig--it makes her look like a pistol-packing Erin Burnett.

With regard to future episodes, the final scene has it appear as if the series' set-up will be back in play: Reddington will again be collaborating with Keen and the F. B. I. in taking out the figures who are part of his “blacklist.” And there’s one new element that holds a lot of promise: the mysterious figure (Alan Alda) who ordered Reddington’s abduction is now apparently a series regular. Alda is always terrific at playing low-key sinister, and it looks like he’s going to have plenty of opportunities. One can't wait.

Click here to watch the episode.

Reviews of other episodes of The Blacklist:

Thursday, January 9, 2014

TV Review: The Blacklist: "Pilot"

The TV series The Blacklist, created by Jon Bokenkamp, has a solid pulp-adventure premise. Raymond “Red” Reddington (James Spader), once a rising star in the U. S. military/intelligence establishment, is now considered one of the world’s most dangerous criminals. After two decades of eluding capture, he voluntarily turns himself in to the F. B. I. But he’s not interested in surrendering himself to the criminal justice system. He has what he calls “The Blacklist,” a list of international criminals and terrorists whom he wants taken out. The F. B. I. grudgingly agrees to collaborate with him in neutralizing these individuals. However, Reddington’s motives are not entirely altruistic. He occasionally manipulates the F. B. I. for personal ends. He also demands that he deal exclusively with Elizabeth Keen (Megan Boone), a rookie criminal profiler in whom he has an unspecified albeit paternal-seeming interest. The episodes promise a series of engaging conflicts: flamboyant villains, intrigue in Reddington’s dealings with the F. B. I., and the continuing mystery of his interest in Keen.

The show has plenty more going for it. Jon Bokenkamp and the other producers are committed to high production values, and one can count on at least one bravura action set piece per episode. The stunt, effects, and location work are kept on a par with those in feature films. Best of all, the series is designed as a showcase for star James Spader. He understands how to use his upper-class bearing for both comic and dramatic effects, and he’s dazzling. His impeccable timing makes the character’s propensity for smug, condescending rejoinders hilarious. However, he also knows how to play his patrician manner for gravitas, and he’s riveting in the character’s more earnest moments. His knack for portraying sinister almost goes without saying. One might wish that he was paired with a livelier actor than Megan Boone--she’s a rather bland presence--but she’s adequate to the task of providing him a foil.

The Blacklist’s initial episode, “Pilot,” does a fine job of creating a foundation for the series. Jon Bokenkamp’s teleplay deftly gets all the series elements described above rolling. This first adventure involves an Eastern European terrorist who is looking to explode a chemical bomb in Washington, D. C., and it’s seamlessly integrated with the show’s introductory material. Bokenkamp’s handling of the more ambiguous story points is also strong, such as the open question of the extent that Reddington is orchestrating the villain’s actions rather than thwarting them. There are some flaws. The interrogation scenes between Reddington and Keen too closely recall those between the Anthony Hopkins and Jodie Foster characters in The Silence of the Lambs. Keen also has some violent moments, and the ruthless efficiency she displays doesn’t fit the novice everywoman characterization the show otherwise gives her. But director Joe Carnahan keeps things brisk, and his handling of the two major action sequences—a motorcade ambush on a bridge, and the climactic chase through the Washington, D. C. streets—is first-rate. Overall, this first installment is a terrific send-off for the program. Click here to watch.

Reviews of other The Blacklist episodes:

Wednesday, January 8, 2014

TV Review: The Avengers: "Too Many Christmas Trees"

The Avengers embraced surrealist and absurdist elements, but it was never locked into any one use of them. The show was perfectly comfortable playing them for either humor or suspense. “Too Many Christmas Trees” (Season 4, Episode 13) sticks pretty firmly to the latter, but it doesn’t seem to take itself all that seriously--the episode seems to revel in the artifice those elements require. Tony Williamson’s teleplay begins with the show’s hero John Steed (Patrick Macnee) beset upon by nightmares filled with Christmas imagery: numerous decorated trees, wrapped presents, and a particularly ghoulish Santa Claus. Most disturbingly, the dreams also anticipate the future. The décor in the dreams matches that of a weekend-long Christmas retreat Steed and his partner Emma Peel (Diana Rigg) later attend, and Steed also foresees the death of a fellow intelligence agent. His dreams while at the retreat are even more unsettling--one features his death. Peel suspects something outlandishly sinister is afoot, and she’s of course right. The director, Roy Ward Baker, effectively conveys the unreality of the dream sequences by making them conspicuously theatrical and hyperbolic. The odd rhythm he gives them is further heightened by the naturalistic pacing of the other scenes. They are wonderfully bizarre, and they help make the story’s mystery an eerie delight. One is also happy that the show’s trademark humor is very much on the display, from the in-joke about Cathy Gale, Peel’s predecessor as Steed’s partner, to the amusing costumes at the Dickens-themed masquerade party at the retreat. (Diana Rigg is the most fetching Oliver Twist one will ever see.) The funniest moment, though, comes at the end, when a secret weapon Steed gives Peel makes its presence known in a most anticlimactic way. The episode, which first aired on Christmas Day, 1965, is one of the series’ high points.

Reviews of other The Avengers episodes:

Tuesday, January 7, 2014

TV Review: The Avengers: "Death at Bargain Prices"

The fourth season of The Avengers saw Diana Rigg's Emma Peel take over the leading lady role from Honor Blackman's Cathy Gale. The series then entered the period it's most famous for. As compelling as Blackman was, she lacked Rigg's talent for wry humor. The flirtatious back-and-forth between Rigg's Peel and John Steed (Patrick Macnee), the series hero, was far wittier, and the lighter tone it brought to the series quickly spread to the stories. Tongue-in-cheek humor became as much a mainstay of the adventure plots as the suspense. "Death at Bargain Prices," Rigg's fourth episode, is a terrific example of how quickly the show was transformed after her arrival. Producer Brian Clemens' teleplay takes a standard pulp adventure plot--the heroes must stop a madman who is scheming to destroy London with a hidden bomb--and has fun with it by setting the bulk of the action in a department store. Peel goes undercover as a salesgirl to investigate, and her initial stationing in the lingerie department sets the stage for some hilariously saucy banter with Steed. The store setting also provides fresh opportunities for the action. The toy, food, camping, sporting goods, and home appliances departments all have their roles to play before the madman's plot is foiled. My favorite bit is when Steed escapes the villain's henchmen with a toy gun that fires ping-pong balls. Clemens, director Charles Crichton, and the stars all recognize that adventure stories can offer more than just action and suspense--they're at their best when they provide wit, charm, and a sense of fun as well. It's a great hour of series TV. The episode first aired in England on October 23, 1965.

Reviews of other The Avengers episodes:

Monday, January 6, 2014

Movie Review: The Wolverine

The Wolverine is the sixth film in the X-Men movie franchise, and the second solo outing for the title character (Hugh Jackman). It’s also the best film in the series since X2: X-Men United back in 2002. The picture, directed by James Mangold from a script credited to Mark Bomback and Scott Frank, recaptures the dynamic that made the character compelling in that film and the franchise’s first outing. Better yet, the picture presents that dynamic in new ways. Wolverine is again haunted by his past, although this time by guilt over a death he caused, and he’s still caught in the conflict between his compulsively violent nature, his hatred of it, and the sense of duty that inevitably gives that violence an outlet. Jackman’s performance isn’t as fresh as it once was, but he still plays the character quite well. Most of the story takes place in Japan, and the unfamiliar locations provide for some entertaining action set pieces. The best is an extended fight-and-chase sequence that begins at a funeral in a Buddhist temple, continues into the Tokyo streets, and climaxes on the roof of a moving 200-mile-per-hour bullet train. The plotting isn’t especially coherent; the two main story threads--the hero’s efforts to save a Japanese heiress (Tao Okamoto) from assassination, and keeping a sinister Russian doctor (Svetlana Khodchenkova) from stealing his healing abilities--never comfortably weave together. But until a silly, overblown science-fiction action finale, the film is compelling from scene to scene. The Japanese setting and several of the characters (although not the story) are inspired by a four-part 1982 Wolverine comic-book series by Chris Claremont and Frank Miller. (For a review of that series, click here.)